Periodontal Disease: Symptoms, Stages & Treatment

One of the main reasons for tooth loss is gum disease. There are two distinct stages of gum disease. Your dentist can fix the issue with early detection and proper prevention. Practice good dental hygiene and visit the dentist twice yearly for cleanings and exams to prevent gum disease.

What Is Periodontal Disease?

“Periodontal” literally means “around the teeth.” Periodontal disease is a common inflammatory disorder that affects the soft tissues that support and surround the teeth and, in more severe cases, the jawbone itself. Gingivitis, a bacterial infection of the gum tissue, is most commonly the precursor to periodontal disease. The gums become infected with bacteria when plaque toxins irritate and inflame the gum tissues. It is far more challenging to eradicate and cure this bacterial infection once it has established a colony in the gum pockets between the teeth. The deterioration of the jawbone and connective tissue is a final result of the degenerative nature of the periodontal disease. If unattended, it may result in shifting teeth, loose teeth, and ultimately tooth loss. Periodontal disease is the main reason why adults lose their teeth. Hence it must always be treated right away.

What Are The Symptoms Of Periodontal Disease?

Talk to your dentist as soon as you can if you experience any of these indicators or symptoms:

  • One of the most typical signs of periodontal infection is bleeding while eating, flossing, or brushing your teeth. Plaque’s toxin-induced bacterial infection leaves the tissues more prone to bleeding.
  • A periodontal infection may be present when the gums become sore, red, or swollen without apparent cause. Stopping the infection’s spread before the gum tissue and jaw bone are harmed. Additionally, it is essential to treat the condition before it spreads to other body parts via the bloodstream.
  • Gum recession can be caused by periodontal disease. The poisons that bacteria create can damage the bones and supporting tissue, making the teeth appear longer and the smile more “toothy.”
  • Although breath odor might come from the back of the tongue, lungs, stomach, food we eat, or tobacco smoking, foul breath can also be caused by old particles lodged between the teeth and below the gum line. The deeper gum pockets can hold more debris and bacteria, which produces an unpleasant odor.
  • Periodontal infection is present when pus leaks from between the teeth. The body’s attempt to combat bacterial illness is evident in the pus.

What Are The Different Stages Of Periodontal Disease?

Gingivitis and periodontitis are the two kinds of gum disease that exist. The most prevalent and mildest type of gum disease, gingivitis, can be managed. It is often recognized by irritated and bleeding gums and is brought on by poor oral hygiene, most commonly failing to floss. Gingivitis can soon develop into periodontitis, which is more dangerous and cannot be cured if neglected. Periodontitis progresses via four stages:

  • Stage 1: Early Periodontitis
  • Stage 2: Moderate Periodontitis
  • Stage 3: Severe Periodontitis with potential tooth loss
  • Stage 4: Severe Periodontitis and loss of all teeth

How To Treat Periodontal Disease?

Stopping the spread of periodontal disease is essential to prevent further harm to the jawbone and gum tissues. The dentist will first evaluate the entire mouth to determine the disease’s progression. Once the cause of the bacterial infection has been identified, the dentist may decide to treat it surgically, nonsurgically, or both. Your dentist uses scaling and root planing to remove entirely any debris from the pockets (under the gumline) of the teeth in cases of mild periodontal disease. They can also inject antibiotics into the pockets to speed up healing and eradicate any bacteria that may still be present.

Periodontal disease can cause serious oral health issues and result in tooth loss. Identifying the warning signs and treating them as soon as possible is essential.

Know The 4 Effective Ways To Have Healthy Gums

Taking proper care of your oral health should involve adopting preventive measures for the well-being of both teeth and gums. While most people concentrate on teeth care, the health of your gums, which support and surround your teeth and the bones in your jaws, is equally important. Gums act as a barrier against oral infection, and you can keep them healthy by executing a few steps. In this blog, we will provide the four most effective tips to maintain your gums. So, why wait anymore? Go through the sections below without any hesitation.

Maintain A Proper Oral Hygiene Routine

Brushing helps remove the food particles stuck on your teeth and gums after a meal. Not getting rid of these food particles leads to the formation of plaque. The plaque ultimately hardens under your gum line and creates a layer called tartar. Tartar buildup can cause gum disease by causing irritation and inflammation. Gum disease that goes untreated might be the most prominent reason for gum disease.

Gum disease and cavities can be avoided by keeping your teeth clean. Use fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristled toothbrush. You can also use an electric or battery-operated toothbrush, which is more effective than a manual toothbrush at removing plaque. Dentists advise brushing at least twice a day. Also, make sure to maintain a time gap of 30 minutes between intake of food and brushing for the best outcome.

Slide the bristle of your toothbrush towards the area where the teeth and gums meet at a small angle. Brush gently in a circular back-and-forth motion. Flossing before brushing is also a must.

Eat A Healthy & Balanced Diet

Eating nutritious foods strengthens your immune system and makes it more capable of fighting infection. Include food items that are high in antioxidants in your diet. Vitamin E sources, such as vegetable oils, almonds, and leafy greens, and vitamin C sources, such as citrus fruits, broccoli, and potatoes can be great options.

Sugar consumption should be limited, especially if you have diabetes, as this increases your risk of tooth decay and gum disease. Diabetes lowers your resistance to microorganisms and hinders healing. As a result of extensive gum disease or periodontitis, your blood sugar level may rise, making it more difficult to manage your diabetes.

It Is Advisable To Not Smoke

Your immune system will be weakened if you smoke. Gum disease is increased when you consume tobacco, whether you smoke it or chew it. Tobacco products contain chemicals that alter saliva flow in the mouth, making it easier for bacteria to adhere to your gums.

Smokers are twice as likely to suffer from gum disease. Treatments for periodontal problems may also be ineffective for smokers.

Consulting Your Dentist Daily Is Important

Check-ups and cleanings should be done every six months. Your dentist can assist you in preventing gum disease and detecting any oral health issues early on. If you experience any of the following signs, you should see your dentist immediately:
Inflammation, reddishness, and tenderness in your gums
Traces of bleeding while flossing or brushing
Receding gums

Emmy Dental Of Cypress offers top-quality periodontal therapy in Cypress, TX. If you face gum problems, book an appointment with us without any further delay.